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Brain Sci. 2017, 7(8), 98; doi:10.3390/brainsci7080098

Binasal Occlusion (BNO), Visual Motion Sensitivity (VMS), and the Visually-Evoked Potential (VEP) in mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI/TBI)

1
Department of Biological and Vision Sciences, State University of New York, College of Optometry, New York, NY 10016, USA
2
Chicago College of Optometry, Midwestern University, Downers Grove, IL 60515, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 June 2017 / Revised: 1 August 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 9 August 2017
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Abstract

The diagnosis and treatment of the possible visual sequelae in those with traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents an important area of health care in this special population. One of their most prevalent yet elusive visual symptoms is visual motion sensitivity (VMS). In this review, we present the basic VMS phenomenon and its related symptoms, clinical studies in the area, clinical research investigations using the visual-evoked potential (VEP) as a cortical probe, and possible mechanisms and related neurophysiology that may underlie VMS. Lastly, therapeutic interventions are briefly described, as well as future directions for clinical research and patient care in those with VMS and TBI. View Full-Text
Keywords: traumatic brain injury (TBI); visually-evoked potential (VEP); binasal occlusion (BNO); visual motion sensitivity (VMS); visuomotor; visual motion perception; magnocellular pathway; dorsal stream traumatic brain injury (TBI); visually-evoked potential (VEP); binasal occlusion (BNO); visual motion sensitivity (VMS); visuomotor; visual motion perception; magnocellular pathway; dorsal stream
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ciuffreda, K.J.; Yadav, N.K.; Ludlam, D.P. Binasal Occlusion (BNO), Visual Motion Sensitivity (VMS), and the Visually-Evoked Potential (VEP) in mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI/TBI). Brain Sci. 2017, 7, 98.

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