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Brain Sci. 2015, 5(3), 357-368; doi:10.3390/brainsci5030357

Facial Feedback Affects Perceived Intensity but Not Quality of Emotional Expressions

1
Institute of Psychology, University of Bern, Fabrikstrasse 8, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
2
Division of Cognitive Sciences, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht Str. 24/25, House 14, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek G.V. Mitchell
Received: 30 June 2015 / Revised: 12 August 2015 / Accepted: 21 August 2015 / Published: 26 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emotion, Cognition and Behavior)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [311 KB, uploaded 26 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

Motivated by conflicting evidence in the literature, we re-assessed the role of facial feedback when detecting quantitative or qualitative changes in others’ emotional expressions. Fifty-three healthy adults observed self-paced morph sequences where the emotional facial expression either changed quantitatively (i.e., sad-to-neutral, neutral-to-sad, happy-to-neutral, neutral-to-happy) or qualitatively (i.e. from sad to happy, or from happy to sad). Observers held a pen in their own mouth to induce smiling or frowning during the detection task. When morph sequences started or ended with neutral expressions we replicated a congruency effect: Happiness was perceived longer and sooner while smiling; sadness was perceived longer and sooner while frowning. Interestingly, no such congruency effects occurred for transitions between emotional expressions. These results suggest that facial feedback is especially useful when evaluating the intensity of a facial expression, but less so when we have to recognize which emotion our counterpart is expressing. View Full-Text
Keywords: embodied cognition; emotional expression; emotion recognition; facial feedback; face morphing embodied cognition; emotional expression; emotion recognition; facial feedback; face morphing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lobmaier, J.S.; Fischer, M.H. Facial Feedback Affects Perceived Intensity but Not Quality of Emotional Expressions. Brain Sci. 2015, 5, 357-368.

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