Next Article in Journal
Compensatory Plasticity in the Deaf Brain: Effects on Perception of Music
Next Article in Special Issue
A Mechanistic Approach to Cross-Domain Perceptual Narrowing in the First Year of Life
Previous Article in Journal
ERP Indices of Stimulus Prediction in Letter Sequences
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dissociating Cortical Activity during Processing of Native and Non-Native Audiovisual Speech from Early to Late Infancy
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Brain Sci. 2014, 4(4), 532-559; doi:10.3390/brainsci4040532

Early Word Recognition and Later Language Skills

1,2,* and 3,4,5
1
Utrecht University, Heidelberglaan 1, 3584 CS Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XN Amsterdam, The Netherlands
3
MARCS Institute, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
4
Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Wundtlaan 1, 6525 XD Nijmegen, The Netherlands
5
Donders Centre for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Nijmegen, Geert Grooteplein-Noord 21, 6525 EZ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 August 2014 / Revised: 10 September 2014 / Accepted: 8 October 2014 / Published: 24 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cognition in Infants)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [944 KB, uploaded 24 October 2014]   |  

Abstract

Recent behavioral and electrophysiological evidence has highlighted the long-term importance for language skills of an early ability to recognize words in continuous speech. We here present further tests of this long-term link in the form of follow-up studies conducted with two (separate) groups of infants who had earlier participated in speech segmentation tasks. Each study extends prior follow-up tests: Study 1 by using a novel follow-up measure that taps into online processing, Study 2 by assessing language performance relationships over a longer time span than previously tested. Results of Study 1 show that brain correlates of speech segmentation ability at 10 months are positively related to 16-month-olds’ target fixations in a looking-while-listening task. Results of Study 2 show that infant speech segmentation ability no longer directly predicts language profiles at the age of five. However, a meta-analysis across our results and those of similar studies (Study 3) reveals that age at follow-up does not moderate effect size. Together, the results suggest that infants’ ability to recognize words in speech certainly benefits early vocabulary development; further observed relationships of later language skills to early word recognition may be consequent upon this vocabulary size effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: speech segmentation; word recognition; individual differences; longitudinal speech segmentation; word recognition; individual differences; longitudinal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Junge, C.; Cutler, A. Early Word Recognition and Later Language Skills. Brain Sci. 2014, 4, 532-559.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Brain Sci. EISSN 2076-3425 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top