Brain Sci. 2013, 3(4), 1615-1634; doi:10.3390/brainsci3041615
Article

Pitch and Plasticity: Insights from the Pitch Matching of Chords by Musicians with Absolute and Relative Pitch

Received: 26 September 2013; in revised form: 5 November 2013 / Accepted: 25 November 2013 / Published: 3 December 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Music and Neural Plasticity)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Absolute pitch (AP) is a form of sound recognition in which musical note names are associated with discrete musical pitch categories. The accuracy of pitch matching by non-AP musicians for chords has recently been shown to depend on stimulus familiarity, pointing to a role of spectral recognition mechanisms in the early stages of pitch processing. Here we show that pitch matching accuracy by AP musicians was also dependent on their familiarity with the chord stimulus. This suggests that the pitch matching abilities of both AP and non-AP musicians for concurrently presented pitches are dependent on initial recognition of the chord. The dual mechanism model of pitch perception previously proposed by the authors suggests that spectral processing associated with sound recognition primes waveform processing to extract stimulus periodicity and refine pitch perception. The findings presented in this paper are consistent with the dual mechanism model of pitch, and in the case of AP musicians, the formation of nominal pitch categories based on both spectral and periodicity information.
Keywords: pitch; absolute pitch; concurrent pitch; neurocognitive model; recognition
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MDPI and ACS Style

McLachlan, N.M.; Marco, D.J.T.; Wilson, S.J. Pitch and Plasticity: Insights from the Pitch Matching of Chords by Musicians with Absolute and Relative Pitch. Brain Sci. 2013, 3, 1615-1634.

AMA Style

McLachlan NM, Marco DJT, Wilson SJ. Pitch and Plasticity: Insights from the Pitch Matching of Chords by Musicians with Absolute and Relative Pitch. Brain Sciences. 2013; 3(4):1615-1634.

Chicago/Turabian Style

McLachlan, Neil M.; Marco, David J.T.; Wilson, Sarah J. 2013. "Pitch and Plasticity: Insights from the Pitch Matching of Chords by Musicians with Absolute and Relative Pitch." Brain Sci. 3, no. 4: 1615-1634.

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