Neuroprotective Mechanisms of Taurine against Ischemic Stroke
AbstractIschemic stroke exhibits a multiplicity of pathophysiological mechanisms. To address the diverse pathophysiological mechanisms observed in ischemic stroke investigators seek to find therapeutic strategies that are multifaceted in their action by either investigating multipotential compounds or by using a combination of compounds. Taurine, an endogenous amino acid, exhibits a plethora of physiological functions. It exhibits antioxidative properties, stabilizes membrane, functions as an osmoregulator, modulates ionic movements, reduces the level of pro-inflammators, regulates intracellular calcium concentration; all of which contributes to its neuroprotective effect. Data are accumulating that show the neuroprotective mechanisms of taurine against stroke pathophysiology. In this review, we describe the neuroprotective mechanisms employed by taurine against ischemic stroke and its use in clinical trial for ischemic stroke.
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Menzie, J.; Prentice, H.; Wu, J.-Y. Neuroprotective Mechanisms of Taurine against Ischemic Stroke. Brain Sci. 2013, 3, 877-907.
Menzie J, Prentice H, Wu J-Y. Neuroprotective Mechanisms of Taurine against Ischemic Stroke. Brain Sciences. 2013; 3(2):877-907.Chicago/Turabian Style
Menzie, Janet; Prentice, Howard; Wu, Jang-Yen. 2013. "Neuroprotective Mechanisms of Taurine against Ischemic Stroke." Brain Sci. 3, no. 2: 877-907.