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Brain Sci. 2013, 3(1), 101-122; doi:10.3390/brainsci3010101
Review

Promoting Motor Function by Exercising the Brain

Movement to Health (M2H), EuroMov, Montpellier-1 University, 700 avenue du pic saint loup, 34090 Montpellier, France
Received: 5 November 2012 / Revised: 24 December 2012 / Accepted: 19 January 2013 / Published: 25 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and Brain Function)
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Abstract

Exercise represents a behavioral intervention that enhances brain health and motor function. The increase in cerebral blood volume in response to physical activity may be responsible for improving brain function. Among the various neuroimaging techniques used to monitor brain hemodynamic response during exercise, functional near-infrared spectroscopy could facilitate the measurement of task-related cortical responses noninvasively and is relatively robust with regard to the subjects’ motion. Although the components of optimal exercise interventions have not been determined, evidence from animal and human studies suggests that aerobic exercise with sufficiently high intensity has neuroprotective properties and promotes motor function. This review provides an insight into the effect of physical activity (based on endurance and resistance exercises) on brain function for producing movement. Since most progress in the study of brain function has come from patients with neurological disorders (e.g., stroke and Parkinson’s patients), this review presents some findings emphasizing training paradigms for restoring motor function.
Keywords: cerebral oxygenation; endurance exercise; hemodynamics; neuroplasticity; cerebral blood flow cerebral oxygenation; endurance exercise; hemodynamics; neuroplasticity; cerebral blood flow
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Perrey, S. Promoting Motor Function by Exercising the Brain. Brain Sci. 2013, 3, 101-122.

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