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Promoting Motor Function by Exercising the Brain
Movement to Health (M2H), EuroMov, Montpellier-1 University, 700 avenue du pic saint loup, 34090 Montpellier, France
Received: 5 November 2012; in revised form: 24 December 2012 / Accepted: 19 January 2013 / Published: 25 January 2013
Abstract: Exercise represents a behavioral intervention that enhances brain health and motor function. The increase in cerebral blood volume in response to physical activity may be responsible for improving brain function. Among the various neuroimaging techniques used to monitor brain hemodynamic response during exercise, functional near-infrared spectroscopy could facilitate the measurement of task-related cortical responses noninvasively and is relatively robust with regard to the subjects’ motion. Although the components of optimal exercise interventions have not been determined, evidence from animal and human studies suggests that aerobic exercise with sufficiently high intensity has neuroprotective properties and promotes motor function. This review provides an insight into the effect of physical activity (based on endurance and resistance exercises) on brain function for producing movement. Since most progress in the study of brain function has come from patients with neurological disorders (e.g., stroke and Parkinson’s patients), this review presents some findings emphasizing training paradigms for restoring motor function.
Keywords: cerebral oxygenation; endurance exercise; hemodynamics; neuroplasticity; cerebral blood flow
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Perrey, S. Promoting Motor Function by Exercising the Brain. Brain Sci. 2013, 3, 101-122.
Perrey S. Promoting Motor Function by Exercising the Brain. Brain Sciences. 2013; 3(1):101-122.
Perrey, Stephane. 2013. "Promoting Motor Function by Exercising the Brain." Brain Sci. 3, no. 1: 101-122.