Synthesis of Thermally Stable Reactive Polyurethane and Its Physical Effects in Epoxy Composites
AbstractA flame retardant polyol (EP-DOPO) with epoxy functional groups was synthesized by reacting a 1,6-hexanediol glycidyl ether with a flame retardant 10-(2,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-10H-9-oxa-10-phospha-phenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO). The polyurethane (EPPU) with enhanced heat resistance was prepared by the reaction of a polyol blend of EP-DOPO and polytetrahydrofuran (PolyTHF) at a ratio of 1:1 with isophorone diisocyanate. EPPU useful for the preparation of cables or coatings showed higher thermal decomposition temperature rather than that of reference polyurethane synthesized by the reaction between pure PolyTHF and isophorone diisocyanate by thermogravimetric analysis. Further study of the polyurethane as a toughening agent for epoxy polymers was carried out. Epoxy compositions consisting of bisphenol A epoxy resin and dicyandiamide as a hardener have a brittle property allowing crack propagation after cure. Polyurethane plays an important role as an impact modifier to prevent from cracks of epoxy polymers. Various contents of EPPU were added into epoxy compositions to measure the physical property changes of epoxy polymers. The tensile and flexural strengths of the cured specimen were compared with those of epoxy compositions including reference polyurethane. Furthermore, the crosslink density of the cured epoxy compositions was compared. View Full-Text
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Kim, J.H.; Lee, W.; Kim, T.; Kim, H.-G.; Seo, B.; Lim, C.-S.; Cheong, I.W. Synthesis of Thermally Stable Reactive Polyurethane and Its Physical Effects in Epoxy Composites. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1587.
Kim JH, Lee W, Kim T, Kim H-G, Seo B, Lim C-S, Cheong IW. Synthesis of Thermally Stable Reactive Polyurethane and Its Physical Effects in Epoxy Composites. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(9):1587.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kim, Jin H.; Lee, Wonjoo; Kim, Taehee; Kim, Hyeon-Gook; Seo, Bongkuk; Lim, Choong-Sun; Cheong, In W. 2018. "Synthesis of Thermally Stable Reactive Polyurethane and Its Physical Effects in Epoxy Composites." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 9: 1587.