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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(9), 1560; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8091560

Spatial Information on Voice Generation from a Multi-Channel Electroglottograph

1
Department of Architecture, University of Bologna, 47521 Cesena (FC), Italy
2
Hochschule für Musik, University of Detmold, 32756 Detmold, Germany
3
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano (SA) Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2018 / Revised: 31 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modelling, Simulation and Data Analysis in Acoustical Problems)
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Abstract

In the acoustics of human voice, an important role is reserved for the study of larynx movements. One of the most important aspects of the physical behavior of the larynx is the proper description and simulation of swallowing and singing register changes, which require complex laryngeal manoeuvres. In order to describe (and solve, in some cases) these actions, it is fundamental to analyze the accurate synchronization of vocal fold adduction/abduction and the change of the larynx position. In the case of dysfunction, which often occurs for professional singers, this synchronization can be disturbed. The simultaneous assessment of glottal dynamics (typically electroglottograph, EGG signal) and larynx position might be useful for the diagnosis of disordered voice and swallowing. Currently, it is very difficult to instantaneously gather this information because of technology problems. In this work, we implemented a time-multiplex measurement approach of space-resolved transfer impedances through the larynx (Multi-Channel electroglottograph MC-EGG). For this purpose, we developed specific software (Labview code) for the visualization of the main waveforms in the study of the EGG signals. Moreover, the data acquired by the Labview code have been used to create a theoretical algorithm for deriving the position of the larynx inside the neck. Finally, we verified the results of the algorithm for the 3D larynx movement by comparing the data acquired with the values described in the literature. The paths of the larynx and the displacement on the sagittal and transverse plans matched the ones known for the emission of low/high notes and for swallowing. Besides, we have introduced the possibility to study the movement on the coronal (x) plan (so far, unexplored), which might be a starting point for further analysis. View Full-Text
Keywords: voice generation; multichannel electroglottograph; larynx acoustics voice generation; multichannel electroglottograph; larynx acoustics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Tronchin, L.; Kob, M.; Guarnaccia, C. Spatial Information on Voice Generation from a Multi-Channel Electroglottograph. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1560.

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