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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(8), 1338; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8081338 (registering DOI)

Agustin de Betancourt’s Mechanical Dredger in the Port of Kronstadt: Analysis through Computer-Aided Engineering

1
Department of Engineering Graphics, Design and Projects, University of Jaén, Campus de las Lagunillas, s/n, 23071 Jaén, Spain
2
Engineering Graphics and Industrial Archaeology Research Group, University of Jaén, Campus de las Lagunillas, s/n, 23071 Jaén, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2018 / Revised: 3 August 2018 / Accepted: 7 August 2018 / Published: 10 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)

Abstract

This article analyzes the first self-propelled floating dredging machine designed and executed by Agustín de Betancourt in 1810 to dredge the port of Kronstadt (Russia). With this objective, a study of computer-aided engineering (CAE) has been carried out using the parametric software Autodesk Inventor Professional, consisting of a static analysis using the finite element method, of the 3D model which is reliable under operating conditions. The results have shown that the system of inertia drums proposed by Betancourt manages to dissipate the tensions between the different elements, locating the highest stresses in the links of the bucket rosary, specifically at the point of contact between links. Similarly, the maximum displacements and the greatest deformations (always associated with these points of greater stress), are far from reaching the limits of breakage of the material used in its construction, as well as the safety coefficient of the invention, confirming that the mechanism was oversized, as was generally the case at the time. This analysis highlights the talent of the Spanish engineer and his mastery of mechanics, in an invention, the first of its kind worldwide, which served the Russian Empire for many years. View Full-Text
Keywords: Agustín de Betancourt; mechanical engineering; mechanical dredger; computer-aided design; computer-aided engineering; static analysis; finite-element method; Autodesk Inventor Professional Agustín de Betancourt; mechanical engineering; mechanical dredger; computer-aided design; computer-aided engineering; static analysis; finite-element method; Autodesk Inventor Professional
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Rojas-Sola, J.I.; De la Morena-De la Fuente, E. Agustin de Betancourt’s Mechanical Dredger in the Port of Kronstadt: Analysis through Computer-Aided Engineering. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1338.

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