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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(7), 1148; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8071148

Investigation of the Dynamic Buckling of Spherical Shell Structures Due to Subsea Collisions

1
Department of Civil Engineering, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang 215002, China
2
Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2018 / Revised: 10 July 2018 / Accepted: 12 July 2018 / Published: 14 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Mechanical Engineering)
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Abstract

This paper is the first to present the dynamic buckling behavior of spherical shell structures colliding with an obstacle block under the sea. The effect of deep water has been considered as a uniform external pressure by simplifying the effect of fluid–structure interaction. The calibrated numerical simulations were carried out via the explicit finite element package LS-DYNA using different parameters, including thickness, elastic modulus, external pressure, added mass, and velocity. The closed-form analytical formula of the static buckling criteria, including point load and external pressure, has been firstly established and verified. In addition, unprecedented parametric analyses of collision show that the dynamic buckling force (peak force), mean force, and dynamic force redistribution (skewness) during collisions are proportional to the velocity, thickness, elastic modulus, and added mass of the spherical shell structure. These linear relationships are independent of other parameters. Furthermore, it can be found that the max force during the collision is about 2.1 times that of the static buckling force calculated from the analytical formula. These novel insights can help structural engineers and designers determine whether buckling will happen in the application of submarines, subsea exploration, underwater domes, etc. View Full-Text
Keywords: dynamic buckling; hydrostatic pressure; collision; spherical shell; robustness; dynamic stability; impact mechanics dynamic buckling; hydrostatic pressure; collision; spherical shell; robustness; dynamic stability; impact mechanics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Liu, P.; Kaewunruen, S.; Zhou, D.; Wang, S. Investigation of the Dynamic Buckling of Spherical Shell Structures Due to Subsea Collisions. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 1148.

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