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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(6), 906; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8060906

An Intelligent Fault Diagnosis Approach Considering the Elimination of the Weight Matrix Multi-Correlation

1
College of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing210000, China
2
China Ship Development and Design Center, Wuhan 430064, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 May 2018 / Revised: 23 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fault Detection and Diagnosis in Mechatronics Systems)

Abstract

Faults in bearings and gearboxes, which are widely used in rotating machines, can lead to heavy investment and productivity loss. Accordingly, a fault diagnosis system is necessary to ensure a high-performance transmission. However, as mechanical fault diagnosis enters the era of big data, it can be difficult to apply traditional fault diagnosis methods because of the massive computation cost and excessive reliance on human labor. Meanwhile, unsupervised learning has been shown to have excellent performance in processing machanical big data. In this paper, an unsupervised learning method known as sparse filtering is applied, the multi-correlation of a weight matrix is investigated, and a method that is more suitable for the feature extraction of signals is proposed. The main contribution of our work is the modification of original method. First, to understand the non-monotonicity testing accuracies of the original method, the physical interpretation of input dimensions is studied. Second, using the physical interpretation, an overfitting phenomenon is discovered and examined. Third, to reduce the overfitting phenomenon, a method which eliminates the multi-correlation of the weight matrix is proposed. Finally, bearing and gear datasets are employed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method; experimental results show that the proposed method can achieve a superior performance in comparison to the original sparse filtering model. View Full-Text
Keywords: fault diagnosis; multi-correlation; overfitting; sparse filtering; big data fault diagnosis; multi-correlation; overfitting; sparse filtering; big data
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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An, Z.; Li, S.; Wang, J.; Qian, W.; Wu, Q. An Intelligent Fault Diagnosis Approach Considering the Elimination of the Weight Matrix Multi-Correlation. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 906.

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