Heat Transfer and Friction Characteristics of Turbulent Flow through a Circular Tube with Ball Turbulators
AbstractOne of the most commonly used methods of heat transfer enhancement is flow turbulization. This effect can be achieved, e.g., by placing special turbulizing elements into the channel. In this paper, the effects of ball turbulators (BTs) on the heat transfer and fluid friction characteristics in a circular tube are investigated through numerical simulation. The Reynolds number (Re) is in the range of 5000–35,000 under a condition of uniform heat-flux. BTs with different diameter ratios (e.g., 0.5, 0.75, and 1) and spacer lengths (40, 51.77, and 62.5 mm) are inserted in the circular tubes. The results show that the heat transfer rates in the tube equipped with BTs are around 1.26–2.01 times that of those in the plain tube. The BTs with a ball diameter ratio of one provide higher friction factors than 0.75 and 0.5 by about 34.6–46.2% and 51.1–63.4%, respectively. A smaller ball diameter ratio is more able to decrease the friction factor. The performance evaluation criterion (PEC) data indicate that the use of a smaller ball diameter ratio (BDR) and a smaller spacer length are preferred. The results also reveal that BTs with a larger diameter ratio and a smaller spacer length yield the highest heat transfer rate as well as the largest pressure loss. Compared with the plain tube, the fluid flow velocity near the tube wall is significantly improved when BTs are used at the same Reynolds number. View Full-Text
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Yuan, W.; Fang, G.; Zhang, X.; Tang, Y.; Wan, Z.; Zhang, S. Heat Transfer and Friction Characteristics of Turbulent Flow through a Circular Tube with Ball Turbulators. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 776.
Yuan W, Fang G, Zhang X, Tang Y, Wan Z, Zhang S. Heat Transfer and Friction Characteristics of Turbulent Flow through a Circular Tube with Ball Turbulators. Applied Sciences. 2018; 8(5):776.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yuan, Wei; Fang, Guoyun; Zhang, Xiaoqing; Tang, Yong; Wan, Zhenping; Zhang, Shiwei. 2018. "Heat Transfer and Friction Characteristics of Turbulent Flow through a Circular Tube with Ball Turbulators." Appl. Sci. 8, no. 5: 776.
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