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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(3), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8030357

A Biomimetic Approach for Designing a Full External Breast Prosthesis: Post-Mastectomy

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí, UASLP, 78700 San Luis Potosi, Mexico
2
Department of Nursing, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí, UASLP, 78700 San Luis Potosi, Mexico
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Center for Research and Technological Development, CENIDET, 62490 Cuernavaca, Mexico
4
Department of Engineering, Sonora Institute of Technology, 85130 Cd Obregon, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 January 2018 / Revised: 9 February 2018 / Accepted: 27 February 2018 / Published: 1 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofabrication: from Additive Bio-Manufacturing to Bioprinting)
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Abstract

This work presents the design of a new breast prosthesis using the biomimetic technique for cases of complete mastectomy to address the problem of the increasing number of women diagnosed with breast cancer in Mexico who are candidates for a mastectomy. The designed prosthesis considers the morphology of a real breast regarding its internal structure to obtain authentic mobility and feel. In order to accomplish this, a model was obtained in 3D CAD using a coordinate measuring machine (CMM) that can be scalable without losing its qualities, and which can be used in any type of patient; afterwards, a finite element model was developed and a static analysis performed with suggested load cases to evaluate the sensitivity and naturalness of the prosthesis; and finally, a modal analysis was conducted. The results obtained in displacements and in distribution of stress for the load cases assessed are consistent with those of a real breast: there were smooth contours and there was natural mobility in the prosthesis designed by means of the biomimetic technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; biomimetic design; breast prosthesis breast cancer; biomimetic design; breast prosthesis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Cruz, P.; Hernandez, F.J.; Zuñiga, M.L.; Rodríguez, J.M.; Figueroa, R.; Vertiz, A.; Pineda, Z. A Biomimetic Approach for Designing a Full External Breast Prosthesis: Post-Mastectomy. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 357.

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