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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 229; doi:10.3390/app8020229

1H-NMR Spectroscopy: A Possible Approach to Advanced Bitumen Characterization for Industrial and Paving Applications

1
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technologies, University of Calabria, Ponte P. Bucci, Arcavacata di Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy
2
DICAM-Roads, Deptartment of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering, University of Bologna, V.le Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2018 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 31 January 2018 / Published: 2 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
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Abstract

Bitumen has unique chemo-mechanical properties, and for this reason, it is today one of the main constituents of many industrial products beside its common use in highway pavements construction. While the excellent rheological properties of bitumens have been investigated by means of different techniques, much remains to be known about the intrinsic properties of this complex material. It is therefore important to investigate its structure and properties from a closer point of view, towards possible useful modifications of the neat material. The present research developed a technique to investigate the composition of bitumens using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) to separate the different fractions, and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to assess and quantify the aliphatic hydrogen part with respect to the aromatic part. To achieve a comprehensive understanding of the chemical composition of the materials, Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H-NMR) analysis was conducted in solution, using CCl4 as solvent, on three different neat bitumens and on their asphaltene and maltene fractions. The combined application of TLC and 1H-NMR spectroscopy enables the advanced characterization of bitumens supplied from different sources or obtained from different processes. This further allows addressing the use of specific modifications according to the bitumen final applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: bitumen; chemo-mechanical properties; Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC); Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy bitumen; chemo-mechanical properties; Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC); Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy
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Oliviero Rossi, C.; Caputo, P.; De Luca, G.; Maiuolo, L.; Eskandarsefat, S.; Sangiorgi, C. 1H-NMR Spectroscopy: A Possible Approach to Advanced Bitumen Characterization for Industrial and Paving Applications. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 229.

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