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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 170; doi:10.3390/app8020170

Nanomaterials for the Abatement of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products from Wastewater

1
Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin, Italy
2
INSTM Unit of Torino-Politecnico, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italy
3
Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 December 2017 / Revised: 12 January 2018 / Accepted: 15 January 2018 / Published: 25 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanotechnology in Wastewater Treatment Technology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1771 KB, uploaded 25 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

In this short-review, the most common types of both pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCP, a class of “emerging pollutants”) are considered, as well as some of the most frequent methods for their removal that envisage the use of nanomaterials. The nanomaterials used in conservative methods (namely, reverse osmosis, nanofiltration and adsorption) are basically nanoporous solids. Non-conservative methods, which include photocatalysis and Fenton reaction, are currently considered more promising than conservative ones, as the former allow the (at least) partial degradation of the original molecules into more biodegradable by-products, which can be further abated by subsequent biological treatments, whereas the former are not efficient for the removal of small quantities of pollutants and have to be regenerated. View Full-Text
Keywords: emerging pollutants; PPCPs; photocatalysis; nanomaterials emerging pollutants; PPCPs; photocatalysis; nanomaterials
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Freyria, F.S.; Geobaldo, F.; Bonelli, B. Nanomaterials for the Abatement of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products from Wastewater. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 170.

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