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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(1), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8010066

Challenges of the Usual Graphical Methods Used to Characterize Phase Change Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry

University Pau & Pays de l’Adour, Laboratoire de Thermique, Énergétique et Procédés - IPRA, EA 1932, Bât. d’Alembert, rue Jules Ferry, BP 7511, F-64075 Pau, France
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Received: 21 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 20 December 2017 / Published: 9 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phase Change Material (PCM) 2017)

Abstract

Modeling the thermal behavior of a plant or devices using Phase Change Materials (PCM) requires to know their thermophysical properties. The Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is a technic largely used to investigate them. However, under the pretext to experiment with small samples, some authors consider the DSC curves as directly representing the properties of the materials without realizing that this interpretation is very often incompatible with the thermodynamics laws: as an example, although a pure substance melts at a fixed temperature T F , it is proposed a melting through a temperature range higher than T F and depending on the experiments (heating rates, sample masses...), for solutions the suggested characteristic temperatures are incompatible with the phase diagram, and also a hysteresis phenomenon is invented... In this paper, we demonstrate by a model coupling thermodynamics and conduction heat transfers, that the DSC curves are exactly compatible with the thermodynamics of phase changes (melting at fixed temperature for pure substances, in conformity with phase diagrams for solutions...). The cases of pure substances, saline solutions, substances with impurities or solid solutions are detailed. We indicate which information can, however, be given by the curves. We also propose a more sophisticated method by inverse calculations to determine the specific enthalpy whose all the thermodynamical properties can be deduced. Finally, we give some indications to understand and use the results indicating supercooling. View Full-Text
Keywords: Phase Change Material (PCM); characterization; Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC); melting; crystallization; latent heat; experiment; thermograms; modeling; enthalpy Phase Change Material (PCM); characterization; Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC); melting; crystallization; latent heat; experiment; thermograms; modeling; enthalpy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Gibout, S.; Franquet, E.; Haillot, D.; Bédécarrats, J.-P.; Dumas, J.-P. Challenges of the Usual Graphical Methods Used to Characterize Phase Change Materials by Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 66.

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