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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(9), 882; doi:10.3390/app7090882

Design of 1-Bit Digital Reconfigurable Reflective Metasurface for Beam-Scanning

Key Laboratory of High Speed Circuit Design and EMC of Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Information Sensing and Understanding, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
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Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 24 August 2017 / Accepted: 25 August 2017 / Published: 28 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metasurfaces: Physics and Applications)
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Abstract

A 1-bit digital reconfigurable reflective metasurface (RRM) with 20 × 20 cells is presented, fabricated and measured for beam-scanning performance in this paper. The cell is designed with a single layer structure and one varactor diode, controlled electronically. The cell’s phase compensation is over 180° between 3 GHz and 4 GHz and the two states with 180° phase difference are selected as coding “0” and coding “1”. By the fuzzy quantification theory, all the elements on the RRM are set to be coding “0” or coding “1” according to the phase compensation calculated by MATLAB. Furthermore, by changing the coding of the RRM, it can achieve beam-scanning. The simulation results show that the beam-scanning range is over ±60°. The RRM prototype is fabricated and experimentally tested for principle. The gain of the RRM is 18 dB and the 3 dB bandwidth is about 16.6%. The 1-bit digital RRM is preferred in practical implementations due to less error and much easier bias voltage control. The proposed RRM successfully balances the performance and system complexity, especially in the large-scale antenna designs. The experimental and simulated results are in good agreement to prove the correctness and feasibility of the design of the 1-bit digital RRM. View Full-Text
Keywords: 1-bit; digital; RRM; varactor diode; beam-scanning 1-bit; digital; RRM; varactor diode; beam-scanning
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tian, S.; Liu, H.; Li, L. Design of 1-Bit Digital Reconfigurable Reflective Metasurface for Beam-Scanning. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 882.

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