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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(8), 759; doi:10.3390/app7080759

A Novel Hybrid Approach to Deal with DVL Malfunctions for Underwater Integrated Navigation Systems

1,2
,
1,2,* , 1,2
,
1,2,3
and
1
1
School of Instrument Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Key Laboratory of Micro-Inertial Instrument and Advanced Navigation Technology, Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
3
Department of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Yuncheng University, Yuncheng 044000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 June 2017 / Revised: 12 July 2017 / Accepted: 22 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2585 KB, uploaded 26 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

As a common device for underwater integrated navigation systems, Doppler velocity log (DVL) has the risk of malfunction. To improve the reliability of navigation systems, a hybrid approach is presented to forecast the measurements of the DVL while it malfunctions. The approach employs partial least squares regression (PLSR) coupled with support vector regression (SVR) to build a hybrid predictor. As the current and past calculating velocities of strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) are taken as the predictor’s inputs, PLSR is applied to cope with the situation where there exists intense relativity among independent variables. Since PLSR is a linear regression, SVR is used to predict the residual components of the PLSR prediction to improve the accuracy. When the DVL works well, the hybrid predictor is trained online as a backup, whereas during malfunctions, the predictor offers the estimation of the DVL measurements for information fusion. The performance of the proposed approach is verified with simulations based on SINS/DVL/MCP/pressure sensor (PS) integrated navigation system. The comparison results indicate that the PLSR-SVR hybrid predictor can correctly provide the estimated DVL measurements and effectively extend the tolerance time on DVL malfunctions, thereby improving the navigation accuracy and reliability. View Full-Text
Keywords: strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS); Doppler velocity log (DVL); integrated navigation; predictor; partial least squares regression (PLSR); support vector regression (SVR) strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS); Doppler velocity log (DVL); integrated navigation; predictor; partial least squares regression (PLSR); support vector regression (SVR)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, Y.; Cheng, X.; Hu, J.; Zhou, L.; Fu, J. A Novel Hybrid Approach to Deal with DVL Malfunctions for Underwater Integrated Navigation Systems. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 759.

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