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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 703; doi:10.3390/app7070703

An Improved Distribution Policy with a Maintenance Aspect for an Urban Logistic Problem

1
Laboratoire de Génie Industriel, de Production et de Maintenance (LGIPM), Lorraine University, UFR MIM, 3 rue Augustin Fresnel, 57073 Metz, France
2
Laboratoire de Génie Industriel, de Production et de Maintenance (LGIPM), ICN Business School, 13 Rue Michel Ney, 54000 Nancy, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 5 July 2017 / Published: 7 July 2017
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Abstract

In this paper, we present an improved distribution plan supporting an urban distribution center (UDC) to solve the last mile problem of urban freight. This is motivated by the need of UDCs to satisfy daily demand in time under a high service level in allocated urban areas. Moreover, these demands could not be satisfied in individual cases because the delivery rate can be less than daily demand and/or affected by random failure or maintenance actions of vehicles. The scope of our work is to focus on a UDC, which needs to satisfy demands in a finite horizon. To that end, we consider a distribution policy on two sequential plans, a distribution plan correlated to a maintenance plan using a subcontracting strategy with several potential urban distribution centers (UDCs) and performing preventive maintenance to ensure deliveries for their allocated urban area. The choice of subcontractor will depend on distance, environmental and availability criteria. In doing so, we define a mathematical model for searching the best distribution and maintenance plans using a subcontracting strategy. Moreover, we consider delay for the next periods with an expensive penalty. Finally, we present a numerical example illustrating the benefits of our approach. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban logistics; urban distribution center (UDC); integrated maintenance; subcontracting strategy urban logistics; urban distribution center (UDC); integrated maintenance; subcontracting strategy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ndhaief, N.; Bistorin, O.; Rezg, N. An Improved Distribution Policy with a Maintenance Aspect for an Urban Logistic Problem. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 703.

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