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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 452; doi:10.3390/app7050452

Texture Analysis and Land Cover Classification of Tehran Using Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery

Department of Urban Environment Systems, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlos López-Martínez and Juan Manuel Lopez-Sanchez
Received: 9 March 2017 / Revised: 20 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polarimetric SAR Techniques and Applications)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7080 KB, uploaded 29 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Land cover classification of built-up and bare land areas in arid or semi-arid regions from multi-spectral optical images is not simple, due to the similarity of the spectral characteristics of the ground and building materials. However, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images could overcome this issue because of the backscattering dependency on the material and the geometry of different surface objects. Therefore, in this paper, dual-polarized data from ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 (HH, HV) and Sentinel-1 C-SAR (VV, VH) were used to classify the land cover of Tehran city, Iran, which has grown rapidly in recent years. In addition, texture analysis was adopted to improve the land cover classification accuracy. In total, eight texture measures were calculated from SAR data. Then, principal component analysis was applied, and the first three components were selected for combination with the backscattering polarized images. Additionally, two supervised classification algorithms, support vector machine and maximum likelihood, were used to detect bare land, vegetation, and three different built-up classes. The results indicate that land cover classification obtained from backscatter values has better performance than that obtained from optical images. Furthermore, the layer stacking of texture features and backscatter values significantly increases the overall accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: land cover; supervised classification; texture measures; synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery; support vector machine; maximum likelihood; Tehran land cover; supervised classification; texture measures; synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery; support vector machine; maximum likelihood; Tehran
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zakeri, H.; Yamazaki, F.; Liu, W. Texture Analysis and Land Cover Classification of Tehran Using Polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 452.

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