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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 458; doi:10.3390/app7050458

Perfect Light Absorbers Made of Tungsten-Ceramic Membranes

National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba 305-0044, Japan
Academic Editor: Boris Malomed
Received: 8 March 2017 / Revised: 21 April 2017 / Accepted: 26 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Guided-Wave Optics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1636 KB, uploaded 29 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Plasmonic materials are expanding their concept; in addition to noble metals that are good conductors even at optical frequencies and support surface plasmon polaritons at the interface, other metals and refractory materials are now being used as plasmonic materials. In terms of complex permittivity at optical frequencies, these new plasmonic materials are, though not ideal, quite good to support surface plasmons. Numerical investigations of the optical properties have been revealing new capabilities of the plasmonic materials. On the basis of the precise computations for electromagnetic waves in artificially designed nanostructures, in this article, we address membrane structures made of tungsten and silicon nitride that are a typical metal and ceramic, respectively, with high-temperature melting points. The membranes are applicable to low-power-consuming thermal emitters operating at and near the visible range. We numerically substantiate that the membranes serve as perfect light absorbers, in spite of the subwavelength thickness, that is, 200–250 nm thickness. Furthermore, we clarify that the underlying physical mechanism for the unconventional perfect absorption is ascribed to robust impedance matching at the interface between air and the membranes. View Full-Text
Keywords: perfect light absorber; membrane; tungsten; ceramics; impedance matching; guided mode; plasmonic resonances perfect light absorber; membrane; tungsten; ceramics; impedance matching; guided mode; plasmonic resonances
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Iwanaga, M. Perfect Light Absorbers Made of Tungsten-Ceramic Membranes. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 458.

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