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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 441; doi:10.3390/app7050441

Improvement of Interfacial Adhesion of Incorporated Halloysite-Nanotubes in Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy-Based Composites

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan 49112, Korea
2
Department of Material Engineering, Graduate School, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan 49112, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David K. Mills
Received: 20 February 2017 / Revised: 10 April 2017 / Accepted: 22 April 2017 / Published: 27 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Surface Modification of Halloysite Nanotubes)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3589 KB, uploaded 27 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

The heart of composite materials depends on the characteristics of their interface. The physical properties of composite materials are often described by the rule of mixtures, representing the average physical properties of the reinforcement and the matrix resin. However, in practical applications there are situations which arise where the rule of mixtures is not followed. This is because when an external energy applied to the composite material is transferred from the matrix to the reinforcement, the final physical properties are affected by the interface between them rather than the intrinsic properties of both the reinforcement and the matrix. The internal bonding strength of the interface of these composites can be enhanced by enhancing the bonding strength by adding a small amount of material at the interface. In this study, the mechanical properties were evaluated by producing a carbon fiber-reinforced composite material and improved by dispersing halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) and the epoxy resin using an ultrasonic homogenizer. The interfacial bond strength increased with the addition of HNT. On the other hand, the addition of HNTs more than 3 wt % did not show the reinforcing effect by HNT agglomeration. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon fiber-reinforced composite; halloysite nanotube; ultrasonic homogenization; interfacial adhesion; interfacial bonding strength; epoxy resin carbon fiber-reinforced composite; halloysite nanotube; ultrasonic homogenization; interfacial adhesion; interfacial bonding strength; epoxy resin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.-W.; Park, S.-J.; Kim, Y.-H. Improvement of Interfacial Adhesion of Incorporated Halloysite-Nanotubes in Fiber-Reinforced Epoxy-Based Composites. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 441.

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