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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 433; doi:10.3390/app7050433

Formation of Boundary Film from Ionic Liquids Enhanced by Additives

1
Division of Machine Elements, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå SE-97187, Sweden
2
Chemical Technology, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå SE-97187, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jun Kubota
Received: 5 March 2017 / Revised: 12 April 2017 / Accepted: 20 April 2017 / Published: 26 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lubricant Additives)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6365 KB, uploaded 26 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) have several properties that make them interesting candidates as base fluids for extreme conditions. However, a lack of compatibility with tribo-improving additives combined with an often overly aggressive nature is limiting their use as base fluids. To overcome these drawbacks, hydrocarbon-imitating RTIL base fluids have recently been developed. In this study, the effects of several common additives in the novel RTIL (P-SiSO) were examined by laboratory tribotesting. A reciprocating steel-steel ball-on-flat setup in an air atmosphere was used, where the lubricant performance was evaluated over a range of loads and temperatures. Surface analyses after testing were carried out using optical profilometry, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Neat P-SiSO displayed high performance in the tribotests. At an elevated load and temperature, a shift in lubrication mode was observed with an accompanying increase in friction and wear. Surface analysis revealed a boundary film rich in Si and O in the primary lubrication mode, while P was detected after a shift to the secondary lubrication mode. An amine additive was effective in reducing wear and friction under harsh conditions. The amine was determined to increase formation of the protective Si–O film, presumably by enhancing the anion activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: boundary lubrication; friction modification; wear prevention; RTIL; synthetic lubricant; surface morphology; surface chemistry; trimethylsilyl; alkylsulfonate; tribology boundary lubrication; friction modification; wear prevention; RTIL; synthetic lubricant; surface morphology; surface chemistry; trimethylsilyl; alkylsulfonate; tribology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nyberg, E.; Mouzon, J.; Grahn, M.; Minami, I. Formation of Boundary Film from Ionic Liquids Enhanced by Additives. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 433.

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