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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(5), 436; doi:10.3390/app7050436

Improved Image Denoising Algorithm Based on Superpixel Clustering and Sparse Representation

1
School of Aerospace Science and Technology, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
2
School of Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Xidian University, Xi’an 710071, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lorenzo J. Tardón
Received: 21 February 2017 / Revised: 14 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 April 2017 / Published: 26 April 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5632 KB, uploaded 26 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Good learning image priors from the noise-corrupted images or clean natural images are very important in preserving the local edge and texture regions while denoising images. This paper presents a novel image denoising algorithm based on superpixel clustering and sparse representation, named as the superpixel clustering and sparse representation (SC-SR) algorithm. In contrast to most existing methods, the proposed algorithm further learns image nonlocal self-similarity (NSS) prior with mid-level visual cues via superpixel clustering by the sparse subspace clustering method. As the superpixel edges adhered to the image edges and reflected the image structural features, structural and edge priors were considered for a better exploration of the NSS prior. Next, each similar superpixel region was regarded as a searching window to seek the first L most similar patches to each local patch within it. For each similar superpixel region, a specific dictionary was learned to obtain the initial sparse coefficient of each patch. Moreover, to promote the effectiveness of the sparse coefficient for each patch, a weighted sparse coding model was constructed under a constraint of weighted average sparse coefficient of the first L most similar patches. Experimental results demonstrated that the proposed algorithm achieved very competitive denoising performance, especially in image edges and fine structure preservation in comparison with state-of-the-art denoising algorithms. View Full-Text
Keywords: image priors; denoising; superpixel clustering; dictionary learning; weighted sparse coding image priors; denoising; superpixel clustering; dictionary learning; weighted sparse coding
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Wang, H.; Xiao, X.; Peng, X.; Liu, Y.; Zhao, W. Improved Image Denoising Algorithm Based on Superpixel Clustering and Sparse Representation. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 436.

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