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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(4), 352; doi:10.3390/app7040352

Thermal Optimization of Horizontal Tubes with Tilted Rectangular Fins under Free Convection for the Cooling of Electronic Devices

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 16499, South Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xianchang Li
Received: 24 February 2017 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 28 March 2017 / Published: 2 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Thermal System Analysis and Optimization)
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Abstract

In the present work, the horizontal tubes with tilted rectangular fins under free convection are experimentally investigated for the cooling of electronic devices. The temperature differences of horizontal tubes with tilted rectangular fins are measured for several heat inputs, tilt angles, and numbers of fins. Using the measurement results, a correlation for the prediction of the Nusselt number is suggested. This correlation is suitable for the situation for Rayleigh numbers of 200,000–1,100,000, tilt angles of 0°–90°, and numbers of fins of 9–36. On the basis of the correlation, the cooling performances are presented for various numbers of fins and thicknesses of fins, and the value of the optimal cooling performance is found. Finally, the optimal cooling performances of tubes with tilted rectangular fins and conventional radial rectangular fins are compared. The comparison results show that the optimal cooling performance of the tube with tilted fins is 6% greater than that of the tube with radial rectangular fins. View Full-Text
Keywords: free convection; tilted rectangular fin; horizontal finned tube free convection; tilted rectangular fin; horizontal finned tube
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, J.B.; Kim, H.J.; Kim, D.-K. Thermal Optimization of Horizontal Tubes with Tilted Rectangular Fins under Free Convection for the Cooling of Electronic Devices. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 352.

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