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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(12), 1288; doi:10.3390/app7121288

Improving Performance of Cold-Chain Insulated Container with Phase Change Material: An Experimental Investigation

1
Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering College, Ningbo University, Fenghua Street 818, Ningbo 315211, China
2
Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety, and Energy Technology UMSICHT, Osterfelder Strasse 3, Oberhausen 46047, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 October 2017 / Revised: 17 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phase Change Material (PCM) 2017)
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Abstract

The cold-chain transportation is an important means to ensure the drug and food safety. An cold-chain insulated container incorporating with Phase Change Material (PCM) has been developed for a temperature-controlled transportation in the range of 2~8 °C. The container configuration and different preconditioning methods have been determined to realize a 72-h transportation under extremely high, extremely low, and alternating temperature conditions. The experimental results showed that the temperature-controlled time was extended from 1 h to more than 80 h and the internal temperature maintained at 4~5 °C by using a PCM with a melting/freezing point of 5 °C, while the container presented a subcooling effect in a range of −1~2 °C when using water as PCM. The experimental values of the temperature-controlled time agreed well with the theoretical values. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase change materials (PCMs); insulated container; cold chain; temperature-controlled time; thermal performance; preconditioning; drugs and food safety phase change materials (PCMs); insulated container; cold chain; temperature-controlled time; thermal performance; preconditioning; drugs and food safety
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Huang, L.; Piontek, U. Improving Performance of Cold-Chain Insulated Container with Phase Change Material: An Experimental Investigation. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1288.

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