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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(11), 1122; https://doi.org/10.3390/app7111122

Performance Evaluation of Submerged Floating Tunnel Subjected to Hydrodynamic and Seismic Excitations

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangshimni-ro, Seoul 04763, Korea
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Received: 24 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 31 October 2017
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Abstract

Submerged floating tunnels (SFTs) are innovative structural solutions to waterway crossings, such as sea-straits, fjords and lakes. As the width and depth of straits increase, the conventional structures such as cable-supported bridges, underground tunnels or immersed tunnels become uneconomical alternatives. For the realization of SFT, the structural response under extreme environmental conditions needs to be evaluated properly. This study evaluates the displacements and internal forces of SFT under hydrodynamic and three-dimensional seismic excitations to check the global performance of an SFT in order to conclude on the optimum design. The formulations incorporate modeling of ocean waves, currents and mooring cables. The SFT responses were evaluated using three different mooring cable arrangements to determine the stability of the mooring configuration, and the most promising configuration was then used for further investigations. A comparison of static, hydrodynamic and seismic response envelope curves of the SFT is provided to determine the dominant structural response. The study produces useful conclusions regarding the structural behavior of the SFT using a three-dimensional numerical model. View Full-Text
Keywords: submerged floating tunnel (SFT); mooring cable configuration; dynamics of SFT; hydrodynamic response; seismic response submerged floating tunnel (SFT); mooring cable configuration; dynamics of SFT; hydrodynamic response; seismic response
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Muhammad, N.; Ullah, Z.; Choi, D.-H. Performance Evaluation of Submerged Floating Tunnel Subjected to Hydrodynamic and Seismic Excitations. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1122.

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