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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(1), 92; doi:10.3390/app7010092

Applying Improved Multiscale Fuzzy Entropy for Feature Extraction of MI-EEG

Faculty of Information Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: U Rajendra Acharya
Received: 31 October 2016 / Revised: 26 December 2016 / Accepted: 12 January 2017 / Published: 18 January 2017
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Abstract

Electroencephalography (EEG) is considered the output of a brain and it is a bioelectrical signal with multiscale and nonlinear properties. Motor Imagery EEG (MI-EEG) not only has a close correlation with the human imagination and movement intention but also contains a large amount of physiological or disease information. As a result, it has been fully studied in the field of rehabilitation. To correctly interpret and accurately extract the features of MI-EEG signals, many nonlinear dynamic methods based on entropy, such as Approximate Entropy (ApEn), Sample Entropy (SampEn), Fuzzy Entropy (FE), and Permutation Entropy (PE), have been proposed and exploited continuously in recent years. However, these entropy-based methods can only measure the complexity of MI-EEG based on a single scale and therefore fail to account for the multiscale property inherent in MI-EEG. To solve this problem, Multiscale Sample Entropy (MSE), Multiscale Permutation Entropy (MPE), and Multiscale Fuzzy Entropy (MFE) are developed by introducing scale factor. However, MFE has not been widely used in analysis of MI-EEG, and the same parameter values are employed when the MFE method is used to calculate the fuzzy entropy values on multiple scales. Actually, each coarse-grained MI-EEG carries the characteristic information of the original signal on different scale factors. It is necessary to optimize MFE parameters to discover more feature information. In this paper, the parameters of MFE are optimized independently for each scale factor, and the improved MFE (IMFE) is applied to the feature extraction of MI-EEG. Based on the event-related desynchronization (ERD)/event-related synchronization (ERS) phenomenon, IMFE features from multi channels are fused organically to construct the feature vector. Experiments are conducted on a public dataset by using Support Vector Machine (SVM) as a classifier. The experiment results of 10-fold cross-validation show that the proposed method yields relatively high classification accuracy compared with other entropy-based and classical time–frequency–space feature extraction methods. The t-test is used to prove the correctness of the improved MFE. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor imagery electroencephalography; feature extraction; multiscale fuzzy entropy; independent optimization of parameters; complexity; t-test motor imagery electroencephalography; feature extraction; multiscale fuzzy entropy; independent optimization of parameters; complexity; t-test
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Li, M.-A.; Liu, H.-N.; Zhu, W.; Yang, J.-F. Applying Improved Multiscale Fuzzy Entropy for Feature Extraction of MI-EEG. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 92.

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