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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(1), 27; doi:10.3390/app7010027

In Situ Test Study on Freezing Scheme of Freeze-Sealing Pipe Roof Applied to the Gongbei Tunnel in the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge

1
Key Laboratory of Geotechnical and Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Geotechnical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
The Administration Center of Zhuhai Link Line Project of Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, Zhuhai 519030, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Xianchang Li
Received: 30 October 2016 / Revised: 9 December 2016 / Accepted: 19 December 2016 / Published: 27 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Thermal System Analysis and Optimization)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7785 KB, uploaded 27 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

In order to solve the water sealing problem of soil between pipes of long distance curved pipe-jacked technology, Freeze-Sealing Pipe Roof (FSPR) as an innovative pre-supporting method in tunnel engineering is being applied to the Gongbei Tunnel in the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge. The definition of FSPR is that large diameter steel pipes are laid out in a circle around the cross section of tunnel in advance, then the artificial ground freezing method is adopted to freeze soil between steel pipes to form water-sealing curtain. An effective freeze control system, which contains master freezing tubes, enhancing freezing tubes and limiting freezing tubes, is established for building up the frozen soil curtain, maintaining its stability during excavation and controlling the volume of frozen soil to limit frost heave dynamically. An in-situ test was carried out to explore the optimal freezing scheme and control mode. The results of the test show that the principal freezing scheme of the solid pipe with hollow pipe as a complement is the most optimal scheme in active freezing phase of the real construction. Meanwhile, cold control mode is suggested to control frost heave in maintained freezing phase. The conclusions have important guiding significance for this kind of engineering construction. View Full-Text
Keywords: tunnel; Freeze-Sealing Pipe Roof; freezing scheme; in-situ test; Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge tunnel; Freeze-Sealing Pipe Roof; freezing scheme; in-situ test; Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge
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Hu, X.; Deng, S.; Ren, H. In Situ Test Study on Freezing Scheme of Freeze-Sealing Pipe Roof Applied to the Gongbei Tunnel in the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 27.

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