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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(8), 216; doi:10.3390/app6080216

Relationship between Flowability, Entrapped Air Content and Strength of UHPC Mixtures Containing Different Dosage of Steel Fiber

1
and
1,2,*
1
School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
Key Lab of Structures Dynamic Behavior and Control (Harbin Institute of Technology), Ministry of Education, Harbin 150090, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stefano Invernizzi
Received: 4 July 2016 / Revised: 21 July 2016 / Accepted: 25 July 2016 / Published: 29 July 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2769 KB, uploaded 29 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of different fiber contents by volume (0%, 1%, 2%, and 3%) on flowability, entrapped air content, and compressive and flexural strength of ultra high performance concrete (UHPC). Four water-to-binder ratios (0.18, 0.20, 0.22, 0.24) were used and four different dosages of superplasticizer were introduced for preparing each water-to-binder ratio mixture. The experimental results reveal that the increased content of fiber decreases the flowability and entrapped air content of fresh UHPC mixtures. The compressive strength of UHPC increased with a greater addition of steel fiber, from 1% to 3%. The flexural strength was increased slightly by the addition of 1% steel fiber and increased remarkably with the addition of 2% and 3% steel fiber. For every water-to-binder ratio mixture, with and without steel fiber, a good linear relationship can be found between compressive strength and entrapped air content. Therefore, it is suggested that lowering the entrapped air provides a significant contribution to increasing compressive strength of UHPC containing higher steel fibers. View Full-Text
Keywords: UHPC; steel fiber; flowability; entrapped air content; mechanical properties UHPC; steel fiber; flowability; entrapped air content; mechanical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, R.; Gao, X. Relationship between Flowability, Entrapped Air Content and Strength of UHPC Mixtures Containing Different Dosage of Steel Fiber. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 216.

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