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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(12), 440; doi:10.3390/app6120440

Design, Development and Implementation of a Smartphone Overdependence Management System for the Self-Control of Smart Devices

1
BK21 PLUS Program in Embodiment: Health-Society Interaction, Department of Public Health Sciences, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
2
Department of Medical Informatics, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Seoul, 222, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Korea
3
Catholic Institute for Healthcare Management and Graduate School of Healthcare Management and Policy, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
4
Department of Information System, Hanyang University; Seoul 04763, Korea
5
Addiction Research Institute, Department of Psychiatry, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea
6
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 06591, Korea
These authors contributed equally to this work.
These corresponding authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wenbing Zhao, Xiong Luo and Tie Qiu
Received: 27 November 2016 / Revised: 9 December 2016 / Accepted: 10 December 2016 / Published: 16 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Healthcare)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2439 KB, uploaded 16 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Background: Smartphone overdependence is a type of mental disorder that requires continuous treatment for cure and prevention. A smartphone overdependence management system that is based on scientific evidence is required. This study proposes the design, development and implementation of a smartphone overdependence management system for self-control of smart devices. Methods: The system architecture of the Smartphone Overdependence Management System (SOMS) primarily consists of four sessions of mental monitoring: (1) Baseline settlement session; (2) Assessment session; (3) Sensing & monitoring session; and (4) Analysis and feedback session. We developed the smartphone-usage-monitoring application (app) and MindsCare personal computer (PC) app to receive and integrate usage data from smartphone users. We analyzed smartphone usage data using the Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID). Based on the baseline settlement results, we designed a feedback service to intervene. We implemented the system using 96 participants for testing and validation. The participants were classified into two groups: the smartphone usage control group (SUC) and the smartphone usage disorder addiction group (SUD). Results: The background smartphone monitoring app of the proposed system successfully monitored the smartphone usage based on the developed algorithm. The usage minutes of the SUD were higher than the usage minutes of the SUC in 11 of the 16 categories developed in our study. Via the MindsCare PC app, the data were successfully integrated and stored, and managers can successfully analyze and diagnose based on the monitored data. Conclusion: The SOMS is a new system that is based on integrated personalized data for evidence-based smartphone overdependence intervention. The SOMS is useful for managing usage data, diagnosing smartphone overdependence, classifying usage patterns and predicting smartphone overdependence. This system contributes to the diagnosis of an abstract mental status, such as smartphone overdependence, based on specific scientific indicators without reliance on consultation. View Full-Text
Keywords: smartphone; overdependence; telepsychiatry; monitoring system smartphone; overdependence; telepsychiatry; monitoring system
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, S.-J.; Rho, M.J.; Yook, I.H.; Park, S.-H.; Jang, K.-S.; Park, B.-J.; Lee, O.; Lee, D.K.; Kim, D.-J.; Choi, I.Y. Design, Development and Implementation of a Smartphone Overdependence Management System for the Self-Control of Smart Devices. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 440.

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