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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(12), 389; doi:10.3390/app6120389

Sizing Subsurface Defects in Metallic Plates by Square Pulse Thermography Using an Oriented Gradient Map

1
College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266071, China
2
College of Mechanical and Electronic Engineering, China University of Petroleum (East China), Qingdao 266580, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gangbing Song, Chuji Wang and Bo Wang
Received: 3 November 2016 / Revised: 22 November 2016 / Accepted: 22 November 2016 / Published: 5 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of Civil Structures)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2493 KB, uploaded 5 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

We developed a new approach for sizing subsurface defects in the square pulse thermography of metallic plates by employing the oriented gradient of histograms. To size defects with high accuracies is still a challenge in infrared (IR) thermography today. Especially for blurry defects, accurate sizing of them is difficult with existing methods. The oriented gradient of histograms, which is used in the successful probability of boundary (Pb) contour detector in natural image processing literature, is employed in this work to improve the sizing accuracy in square pulse thermography. Experiments on a corroded steel plate with flat blind holes have verified the effectiveness of the proposed approach to size defects. Experimental results show that the proposed approach can size distinct and blurry defects with high accuracies. Comparison research is also implemented between the proposed approach and other sizing methods. The comparison results show that the proposed approach is superior to existing methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: square pulse thermography; oriented gradient of histograms; defect sizing; subsurface defect square pulse thermography; oriented gradient of histograms; defect sizing; subsurface defect
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Xie, J.; Xu, C.; Gong, X.; Huang, W.; Chen, G. Sizing Subsurface Defects in Metallic Plates by Square Pulse Thermography Using an Oriented Gradient Map. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 389.

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