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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(11), 356; doi:10.3390/app6110356

Energy-Efficient On–Off Power Control of Femto-Cell Base Stations for Cooperative Cellular Networks

1
Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 53064, Korea
2
Department of Electronics Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wen-Hsiang Hsieh
Received: 8 October 2016 / Revised: 9 November 2016 / Accepted: 9 November 2016 / Published: 16 November 2016
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Abstract

Improving energy efficiency (EE) of mobile communication systems (MCSs) has been considered a key aim in recent years, and has been the subject of intense research interest. One of the simplest yet most powerful ways to increase the EE is to turn off redundant communication entities whose operation does not greatly affect the overall performance of the MCS. In this paper, we propose a novel on–off power control scheme for femto-cell base stations (FBSs) considering cooperative transmission in which multiple FBSs collaborate on the same data transmission. In the proposed scheme, the operation of the redundant FBSs is halted in an adaptive manner. For the proper determination of redundant FBSs with low computational complexity, we propose using the level of contribution (LOC), which specifies the importance of a given FBS in the cooperative transmission. Redundant FBSs are chosen based on their LOC value, and these FBSs are turned off in order to reduce the power consumption of MCSs while minimizing the degradation of the overall throughput of cooperative transmissions. The performance of the proposed scheme is verified through extensive simulations, which shows that near-optimal performance can be achieved without excessive computations. View Full-Text
Keywords: on–off power control; BS Switching-off; femto-cell BS; cooperative transmission; optimization problem on–off power control; BS Switching-off; femto-cell BS; cooperative transmission; optimization problem
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Lee, W.; Jung, B.C. Energy-Efficient On–Off Power Control of Femto-Cell Base Stations for Cooperative Cellular Networks. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 356.

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