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Appl. Sci. 2015, 5(4), 787-816; doi:10.3390/app5040787

Carrier-Envelope Offset Stabilized Ultrafast Diode-Pumped Solid-State Lasers

Laboratoire Temps-Fréquence, Université de Neuchâtel, Neuchâtel CH-2000, Switzerland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Malte C. Kaluza
Received: 24 August 2015 / Revised: 8 September 2015 / Accepted: 10 September 2015 / Published: 14 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diode-Pumped, Ultra-Short Pulse Lasers)
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Abstract

Optical frequency combs have been revolutionizing many research areas and are finding a growing number of real-world applications. While initially dominated by Ti:Sapphire and fiber lasers, optical frequency combs from modelocked diode-pumped solid-state lasers (DPSSLs) have become an attractive alternative with state-of-the-art performance. In this article, we review the main achievements in ultrafast DPSSLs for frequency combs. We present the current status of carrier-envelope offset (CEO) frequency-stabilized DPSSLs based on various approaches and operating in different wavelength regimes. Feedback to the pump current provides a reliable scheme for frequency comb CEO stabilization, but also other methods with faster feedback not limited by the lifetime of the gain material have been applied. Pumping DPSSLs with high power multi-transverse-mode diodes enabled a new class of high power oscillators and gigahertz repetition rate lasers, which were initially not believed to be suitable for CEO stabilization due to the pump noise. However, this challenge has been overcome, and recently both high power and gigahertz DPSSL combs have been demonstrated. Thin disk lasers have demonstrated the highest pulse energy and average power emitted from any ultrafast oscillator and present a high potential for the future generation of stabilized frequency combs with hundreds of watts average output power. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical frequency comb; carrier-envelope offset stabilization; modelocked laser; diode-pumped solid-state laser optical frequency comb; carrier-envelope offset stabilization; modelocked laser; diode-pumped solid-state laser
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schilt, S.; Südmeyer, T. Carrier-Envelope Offset Stabilized Ultrafast Diode-Pumped Solid-State Lasers. Appl. Sci. 2015, 5, 787-816.

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