Next Article in Journal
Design and Applications of In-Cavity Pulse Shaping by Spectral Sculpturing in Mode-Locked Fibre Lasers
Previous Article in Journal
An Experimental Study on Mechanical Modeling of Ceramics Based on Microstructure
Previous Article in Special Issue
Synthesis of Cascadable DDCC-Based Universal Filter Using NAM
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Appl. Sci. 2015, 5(4), 1350-1378; doi:10.3390/app5041350

New Trends in Dental Biomechanics with Photonics Technologies

1
INESC-Porto and Faculty of Sciences of the University of Porto (FCUP), Rua do Campo Alegre, 687, Porto 4150-179, Portugal
2
CIDESD-ISMAI, Institute University of Maia, Avenida Carlos Olviveira, Castelo da Maia, Porto 4475-690, Portugal
3
Centre for Mechanical Technology and Automation (TEMA), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, Aveiro 3810-193, Portugal
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Takayoshi Kobayashi
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 24 September 2015 / Accepted: 25 September 2015 / Published: 24 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2260 KB, uploaded 12 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Engineering techniques used to evaluate strain-stress fields, materials’ mechanical properties, and load transfer mechanisms, among others, are useful tools in the study of biomechanical applications. These engineering tools, as experimental and numerical ones, were imported to biomechanics, in particular in dental biomechanics, a few decades ago. Several experimental techniques have been used in dental biomechanics, like photoelasticity, ESPI (Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry), strain gages, and other kinds of transducers. However, these techniques have some limitations. For instance, photoelasticity and ESPI give the overall field pattern of the strain, showing the stress-strain concentration points. These methods cannot give an accurate measurement at all points. On the contrary, strain gages can be used to perform local measurements. However, as they use electrical resistances, their use is limited to perform in vivo measurements. Optical fiber sensors have already been used in dentistry, for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, and in dental biomechanics studies. Lasers have also been used in clinical dentistry for a few decades. Other optical technologies, like optical coherence tomography (OCT), became suitable for dental practice and nowadays it is perhaps one that has had more development in dentristry, along with lasers. View Full-Text
Keywords: photonics technologies; photoelasticity; ESPI; OCT; lasers; fiber optic sensors; dental biomechanics photonics technologies; photoelasticity; ESPI; OCT; lasers; fiber optic sensors; dental biomechanics
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Carvalho, L.; Roriz, P.; Simões, J.; Frazão, O. New Trends in Dental Biomechanics with Photonics Technologies. Appl. Sci. 2015, 5, 1350-1378.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Appl. Sci. EISSN 2076-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top