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Appl. Sci. 2013, 3(1), 55-69; doi:10.3390/app3010055

Glycerol: A promising Green Solvent and Reducing Agent for Metal-Catalyzed Transfer Hydrogenation Reactions and Nanoparticles Formation

Laboratory of Organometallic Compounds and Catalysis (CSIC Associated Unit). Department of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, Institute of Organometallic Chemistry "Enrique Moles", Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, E-33006 Oviedo, Spain
Present address: Department of Chemistry-BMC, Uppsala University, Box 576, SE-75123 Uppsala, Sweden.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 December 2012 / Revised: 15 January 2013 / Accepted: 21 January 2013 / Published: 23 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Greener and Sustainable Chemistry)
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Abstract

Glycerol is a non-toxic, non-hazardous, non-volatile, biodegradable, and recyclable liquid that is generated as a byproduct in the manufacture of biodiesel fuel from vegetable oils. Due to its easy availability, along with its unique combination of physical and chemical properties, glycerol has recently emerged as an economically appealing and safe solvent for organic synthesis. Recent works have also demonstrated that glycerol can be used as a hydrogen source in metal-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of organic compounds, such as aldehydes, ketones, olefins and nitroarenes. Herein, the advances reached in this emerging field are reviewed. The utility of glycerol as solvent and reducing agent for the generation of metal nanoparticles is also briefly discussed.
Keywords: glycerol; green solvent; hydrogen donor; transfer hydrogenation; reduction reactions; metal catalysis; metal nanoparticles glycerol; green solvent; hydrogen donor; transfer hydrogenation; reduction reactions; metal catalysis; metal nanoparticles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Díaz-Álvarez, A.E.; Cadierno, V. Glycerol: A promising Green Solvent and Reducing Agent for Metal-Catalyzed Transfer Hydrogenation Reactions and Nanoparticles Formation. Appl. Sci. 2013, 3, 55-69.

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