Appl. Sci. 2012, 2(3), 641-653; doi:10.3390/app2030641
Article

Continuous Process for Biodiesel Production in Packed Bed Reactor from Waste Frying Oil Using Potassium Hydroxide Supported on Jatropha curcas Fruit Shell as Solid Catalyst

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Received: 31 July 2012; in revised form: 24 August 2012 / Accepted: 24 August 2012 / Published: 29 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Energy)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The transesterification of waste frying oil (WFO) with methanol in the presence of potassium hydroxide catalyst supported on Jatropha curcas fruit shell activated carbon (KOH/JS) was studied. The catalyst systems were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) method. The effects of reaction variables such as residence time, reaction temperature, methanol/oil molar ratio and catalyst bed height in packed bed reactor (PBR) on the yield of biodiesel were investigated. SEM images showed that KOH was well distributed on the catalyst support. The optimum conditions for achieving the conversion yield of 86.7% consisted of a residence time of 2 h, reaction temperature of 60 °C, methanol/oil molar ratio of 16 and catalyst bed height of 250 mm. KOH/JS could be used repeatedly five times without any activation treatment, and no significant activity loss was observed. The results confirmed that KOH/JS catalyst had a great potential to be used for industrial application in the transesterification of WFO. The fuel properties of biodiesel were also determined.
Keywords: biodiesel; packed bed reactor; waste frying oil; Jatropha curcas fruit shell
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MDPI and ACS Style

Buasri, A.; Chaiyut, N.; Loryuenyong, V.; Rodklum, C.; Chaikwan, T.; Kumphan, N. Continuous Process for Biodiesel Production in Packed Bed Reactor from Waste Frying Oil Using Potassium Hydroxide Supported on Jatropha curcas Fruit Shell as Solid Catalyst. Appl. Sci. 2012, 2, 641-653.

AMA Style

Buasri A, Chaiyut N, Loryuenyong V, Rodklum C, Chaikwan T, Kumphan N. Continuous Process for Biodiesel Production in Packed Bed Reactor from Waste Frying Oil Using Potassium Hydroxide Supported on Jatropha curcas Fruit Shell as Solid Catalyst. Applied Sciences. 2012; 2(3):641-653.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Buasri, Achanai; Chaiyut, Nattawut; Loryuenyong, Vorrada; Rodklum, Chao; Chaikwan, Techit; Kumphan, Nanthakrit. 2012. "Continuous Process for Biodiesel Production in Packed Bed Reactor from Waste Frying Oil Using Potassium Hydroxide Supported on Jatropha curcas Fruit Shell as Solid Catalyst." Appl. Sci. 2, no. 3: 641-653.

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