Table of Contents
Environments, Volume 5, Issue 6 (June 2018)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) Marine ecosystem services are defined as the benefits that people obtain from marine ecosystems. [...] Read more. Marine ecosystem services are defined as the benefits that people obtain from marine ecosystems. The 23 marine ecosystem services provided by the North Sea show different interactions with the offshore energy fields, comprising oil and natural gas, wind, tides and currents, waves, salinity gradients, algal biomass, and geothermal energy, respectively. For each field, an interaction profile can be defined which supports the ecosystem approach in transnational marine spatial planning. View the paper here.