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Environments 2017, 4(3), 66; doi:10.3390/environments4030066

Air Quality Impacts of Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Industries

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L3G3, Canada
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Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 19 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Exposure to Environmental Contaminants)
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Abstract

Though refineries and petrochemical industries meet society’s energy demands and produce a range of useful chemicals, they can also affect air quality. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified polluted air as the single largest environmental risk, and hence it is necessary to strive for and maintain good air quality. To manage potential health impacts, it is important to implement proper air quality management by understanding the link between specific pollutant sources and resulting population exposures. These industries release pollutants such as Volatile Organic Compounds, greenhouse gases and particulate matter, from various parts of their operations. Air quality should be monitored and controlled more meticulously in developing nations where increased energy demands, industrialization and overpopulation has led to more emissions and lower air quality. This paper presents a review of findings and highlights from various studies on air quality impacts of petroleum refining and petrochemical plants in many regions in the world. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; Air Quality Index; air quality management; refinery; petrochemical; emissions; exposure; particulate matter; Volatile Organic Compounds; greenhouse gases; ozone; carcinogenic; toxicity; Persistent Organic Pollutants; polychlorinated biphenyls; heavy metals; cancer; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; lung cancer; air sampling; atmospheric lifetime; heat integration; emission control air pollution; Air Quality Index; air quality management; refinery; petrochemical; emissions; exposure; particulate matter; Volatile Organic Compounds; greenhouse gases; ozone; carcinogenic; toxicity; Persistent Organic Pollutants; polychlorinated biphenyls; heavy metals; cancer; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; lung cancer; air sampling; atmospheric lifetime; heat integration; emission control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ragothaman, A.; Anderson, W.A. Air Quality Impacts of Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Industries. Environments 2017, 4, 66.

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