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Open AccessCommunication
Environments 2017, 4(1), 19; doi:10.3390/environments4010019

Exposure Assessment Methods in Studies on Waste Management and Health Effects: An Overview

Dipartimento di Scienza e Alta Tecnologia, Università degli Studi dell’Insubria, Via Valleggio 11, Como 22100, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Pin Lin
Received: 30 January 2017 / Revised: 16 February 2017 / Accepted: 18 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Exposure to Environmental Contaminants)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [207 KB, uploaded 21 February 2017]

Abstract

Concerns and uncertainties persist about potential environmental and health effects associated with exposure to emissions from widely adopted waste management facilities: despite a limited amount of evidence having been found for some exposure-effect associations, most of the available studies were characterized by limitations related to poor exposure assessment, which could introduce biases and weaknesses in the interpretation of results. This communication provides a brief overview of the exposure assessment methods used in studies on waste management and health effects: problems, key issues, priorities and challenges are briefly presented and discussed. The main conclusions refer to the need of newly developed and harmonized exposure assessment strategies and techniques, which represent an essential step in the study of waste-disposal facilities’ health impacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: exposure assessment; waste; waste management; waste disposal; waste incinerator; landfill; health impact; health effect; environmental exposure; population health exposure assessment; waste; waste management; waste disposal; waste incinerator; landfill; health impact; health effect; environmental exposure; population health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Spinazzè, A.; Borghi, F.; Rovelli, S.; Cavallo, D.M. Exposure Assessment Methods in Studies on Waste Management and Health Effects: An Overview. Environments 2017, 4, 19.

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