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Behav. Sci. 2017, 7(4), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs7040066

On the Importance of Both Dimensional and Discrete Models of Emotion

School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
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Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 30 August 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Perspectives on Emotion)
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Abstract

We review research on the structure and functions of emotions that has benefitted from a serious consideration of both discrete and dimensional perspectives on emotion. To illustrate this point, we review research that demonstrates: (1) how affective valence within discrete emotions differs as a function of individuals and situations, and how these differences relate to various functions; (2) that anger (and other emotional states) should be considered as a discrete emotion but there are dimensions around and within anger; (3) that similarities exist between approach-related positive and negative discrete emotions and they have unique motivational functions; (4) that discrete emotions and broad dimensions of emotions both have unique functions; and (5) evidence that a “new” discrete emotion with discrete functions exists within a broader emotion family. We hope that this consideration of both discrete and dimensional perspectives on emotion will assist in understanding the functions of emotions. View Full-Text
Keywords: emotions; approach motivation; cognitive dissonance; anger; cognitive scope emotions; approach motivation; cognitive dissonance; anger; cognitive scope
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Harmon-Jones, E.; Harmon-Jones, C.; Summerell, E. On the Importance of Both Dimensional and Discrete Models of Emotion. Behav. Sci. 2017, 7, 66.

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