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Behav. Sci. 2014, 4(3), 278-300; doi:10.3390/bs4030278
Article

Measuring the Changes in Aggregate Cycling Patterns between 2003 and 2012 from a Space Syntax Perspective

1,2,* , 1
 and 1,2
Received: 1 April 2014; in revised form: 11 July 2014 / Accepted: 21 July 2014 / Published: 8 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spatial Cognition and Behaviour)
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Abstract: There has been a world-wide surge of interest in cycling over the last 10 years of which London has seen a continuous growth in cyclists and investment in infrastructure that has resulted in the introduction of the Barclays Cycle Superhighway and Barclays Cycling Hiring Scheme. Despite the investment in cycling infrastructure, there has been little understanding of cycling activity patterns in general and the effect of spatial configuration on cycling route choices. This research aims at measuring the impact of cycling infrastructure and spatial configuration on aggregate cyclist movement over two time periods. To do so, this paper presents a spatial-based cyclist movement statistical model that regress cyclist movement flows with measure of spatial configuration, safety and infrastructure and urban character attributes. Using Elephant and Castle, a Central London location, as a case study, the authors analyze cycling movement data sets from 2003 and 2012 to compare the change in cycling behaviour and the impact that the Cycling Superhighway 07, introduced in 2011, has had on cycling patterns. Findings confirm the growth of cycling in London with a 1000% increase in cyclists along some routes in comparison to a 10% increase in population at the same time. More importantly, results also suggest that higher cyclist movement were observed along routes with greater convenience and continuity—over and above route segregation from vehicular traffic. The relationship between spatial configuration and aggregate cyclists movement is consistent between 2003 and 2012 where spatial configuration have remained the same while changes were observed in both modal split and cycling infrastructure. This result is in line with previous research wherein aggregate higher cyclists movement are observed on major routes offering direct connections than less direct routes. From a spatial cognition perspective, this research enriches our understanding on how the external built environment as measured by the spatial configuration measure relates to aggregated cyclists movement overtime and in identifying key potential factors in influencing cyclist wayfinding. Further research is needed into validating the results and examining this relationship at an individual basis on route choice. These results help us better understand the trade off between cycling safety and cycling legibility which could help inform cycling route design in the future.
Keywords: spatial cognition; space syntax; spatial configuration; cyclist movement; cycling route choice spatial cognition; space syntax; spatial configuration; cyclist movement; cycling route choice
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Law, S.; Sakr, F.L.; Martinez, M. Measuring the Changes in Aggregate Cycling Patterns between 2003 and 2012 from a Space Syntax Perspective. Behav. Sci. 2014, 4, 278-300.

AMA Style

Law S, Sakr FL, Martinez M. Measuring the Changes in Aggregate Cycling Patterns between 2003 and 2012 from a Space Syntax Perspective. Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 4(3):278-300.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Law, Stephen; Sakr, Fernanda L.; Martinez, Max. 2014. "Measuring the Changes in Aggregate Cycling Patterns between 2003 and 2012 from a Space Syntax Perspective." Behav. Sci. 4, no. 3: 278-300.

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