Behav. Sci. 2014, 4(3), 265-277; doi:10.3390/bs4030265
Article

Calculating the Social Rhythm Metric (SRM) and Examining Its Use in Interpersonal Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT) in a Healthy Population Study

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Received: 23 June 2014; in revised form: 18 July 2014 / Accepted: 30 July 2014 / Published: 6 August 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: In psychiatry, the social zeitgeber theory argues that social life provides important social cues that entrain circadian rhythms. Disturbance of these social cues might lead do dis-entrainment of circadian rhythms and evoke somatic symptoms that increase the risk of mood disorders. In preventing and treating patients with bipolar disorders, the Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT) relies on the Social Rhythm Metric (SRM) to (re)establish patients’ social cues and an re-entrain circadian rhythms. Since the SRM quantifies social rhythms that are derived from a patient’s interaction with a social environment, this contribution (a) calculates the SRM of the social environment of a representative healthy population study (n = 1249), (b) evaluates the robustness of the SRM as a quantifier of social rhythms by matching the scores of the pilot study, revealing the near absence of variance across population characteristics and investigation months—circadian rhythms need to be entrained for every month and for everyone—and (c) examines its use in IPSRT by relating high SRM-scores to lower psychological distress (p = 0.004) and low SRM-scores to higher social and emotional dysfunction (p = 0.018).
Keywords: bipolar disorder; cognitive behavioral therapy; interpersonal psychotherapy; social rhythms; GHQ-12; time-diary
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MDPI and ACS Style

van Tienoven, T.P.; Minnen, J.; Daniels, S.; Weenas, D.; Raaijmakers, A.; Glorieux, I. Calculating the Social Rhythm Metric (SRM) and Examining Its Use in Interpersonal Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT) in a Healthy Population Study. Behav. Sci. 2014, 4, 265-277.

AMA Style

van Tienoven TP, Minnen J, Daniels S, Weenas D, Raaijmakers A, Glorieux I. Calculating the Social Rhythm Metric (SRM) and Examining Its Use in Interpersonal Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT) in a Healthy Population Study. Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 4(3):265-277.

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Tienoven, Theun P.; Minnen, Joeri; Daniels, Sarah; Weenas, Djiwo; Raaijmakers, Anke; Glorieux, Ignace. 2014. "Calculating the Social Rhythm Metric (SRM) and Examining Its Use in Interpersonal Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT) in a Healthy Population Study." Behav. Sci. 4, no. 3: 265-277.

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