Next Article in Journal
Nausea in Specific Phobia of Vomiting
Previous Article in Journal
Psychological Detachment in the Relationship between Job Stressors and Strain
Behav. Sci. 2013, 3(3), 434-444; doi:10.3390/bs3030434
Brief Report

Traumatic Brain Injury, Boredom and Depression

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 June 2013 / Revised: 18 July 2013 / Accepted: 25 July 2013 / Published: 2 August 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [266 KB, uploaded 2 August 2013]   |   Browse Figure


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) often presents with co-morbid depression and elevated levels of boredom. We explored the relationship between boredom and depression in a group of mild (n = 38), moderate-to-severe TBI patients (n = 14) and healthy controls (n = 88), who completed the Beck Depression Inventory and Boredom Proneness Scales as part of a larger study. Results showed that the relationship between boredom and depression was strongest in moderate-to-severe TBI patients. We explored two boredom proneness factors that index an individual’s need for external or internal stimulation. Results indicated that the need for external stimulation was the critical driver in the relation between boredom and depression. Once again, this relationship was strongest in the moderate-to-severe TBI group. These results suggest that one common factor underlying boredom and depression is the need for stimulation from the external environment and, presumably, a failure to satisfy that need—a disconnection felt most strongly in moderate-to-severe TBI.
Keywords: traumatic brain injury; boredom; depression traumatic brain injury; boredom; depression
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Goldberg, Y.; Danckert, J. Traumatic Brain Injury, Boredom and Depression. Behav. Sci. 2013, 3, 434-444.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics


Cited By

[Return to top]
Behav. Sci. EISSN 2076-328X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert