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Nausea in Specific Phobia of Vomiting
Department of Neurology, Christian-Doppler-Klinik, Paracelsus Medical University, Ignaz-Harrer-Street 79, Salzburg 5020, Austria
Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, PA Rotterdam 3062, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 June 2013; in revised form: 24 July 2013 / Accepted: 25 July 2013 / Published: 15 August 2013
Abstract: Specific phobia of vomiting (SPOV) is a clinical condition with early onset, chronic course and substantial psychosocial impairment due to a rigorous avoidance behavior. A primary symptom which drives patients to consult a medical practitioner is nausea. In this study our aim was to further analyze this symptom of SPOV and examined its role in the development and manifestation of the phobia. We conducted an internet survey in the german SPOV-internet-forum. We calculated a nausea score and grouped participants in a high- and low-nausea group to examine the relationship between nausea and characteristics of the fear of vomiting. In this sample (N = 131), nausea was fairly common in most participants with fear of vomiting. Participants in the high-nausea group had significantly higher ratings of subjective fear and significantly longer duration of fear of vomiting. Additionally, the high-nausea group contained more participants with a body mass index below 19 than the low-nausea group. The present findings suggest that nausea is a core symptom in SPOV which is closely related to intensity of the fear, duration of the fear, and body weight. Future research should investigate if nausea-specific design of treatment could improve therapy outcome.
Keywords: nausea; specific phobia of vomiting; emetophobia
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MDPI and ACS Style
Höller, Y.; van Overveld, M.; Jutglar, H.; Trinka, E. Nausea in Specific Phobia of Vomiting. Behav. Sci. 2013, 3, 445-458.
Höller Y, van Overveld M, Jutglar H, Trinka E. Nausea in Specific Phobia of Vomiting. Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 3(3):445-458.
Höller, Yvonne; van Overveld, Mark; Jutglar, Heili; Trinka, Eugen. 2013. "Nausea in Specific Phobia of Vomiting." Behav. Sci. 3, no. 3: 445-458.