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Med. Sci. 2014, 2(3), 140-152; doi:10.3390/medsci2030140

Assessment and Screening of the Risk Factors in Metabolic Syndrome

Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) Polyclinic, Sultanpur Lodhi, Kapurthala, Punjab-144626, India Current Address: Medical Officer, Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) Polyclinic, Kapurthala, Punjab-144601, India.
Received: 13 June 2014 / Revised: 3 July 2014 / Accepted: 4 July 2014 / Published: 11 July 2014
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Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is chronic inflammatory epidemic state contributing to total and cardiovascular mortality. The current study planned to assess and screen risk factors for MetS and its components. A cross-sectional study conducted to assess age, gender, social status, employment, education, family history, physical activity, dietary habits, alcohol, sleep, body mass index and stress as determinants of MetS. The results were analyzed by Chi Square test with statistical significance of p value <0.05. The frequency of MetS was 17.38% as per modified National Cholesterol Education Program–Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Females (57.38%), age >50 years (86.90%; p < 0.05), middle socioeconomic status (70.50%), illiteracy (39.35%), and unemployment (81.97%; p < 0.05) were found contributing though to different extents. Subjects with a sedentary lifestyle (72.14%), positive family history (42.63%), omnivore diet (47.55%), stress (78.69%; p < 0.05), insomnia (29.51%) and increased BMI (83.62%; p < 0.001) had shown predisposition to MetS. However, the protective role of alcohol (38.28%), an active lifestyle (36.21%), vegetarian diet (62.07%) and adequate sleep (73.11%) was observed. A significant hypertension (98.37%; p < 0.001), dyslipidemia (77.05%; p < 0.001), dysglycemia (75.41%; p < 0.001) and obesity (59.02%; p < 0.001) was reported in MetS. Common concerns of female gender, increasing age and BMI, sedentary lifestyle, stress and positive family history should be considered for early identification and appropriate intervention to fight the growing MetS epidemic.
Keywords: age; dyslipidemia; dysglycemia; hypertension; metabolic syndrome; obesity age; dyslipidemia; dysglycemia; hypertension; metabolic syndrome; obesity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Kaur, J. Assessment and Screening of the Risk Factors in Metabolic Syndrome. Med. Sci. 2014, 2, 140-152.

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