Next Article in Journal
Anticancer Effect of Rutin Isolated from the Methanolic Extract of Triticum aestivum Straw in Mice
Previous Article in Journal
Pattern Recognition of Gene Expression with Singular Spectrum Analysis
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Med. Sci. 2014, 2(3), 140-152;

Assessment and Screening of the Risk Factors in Metabolic Syndrome

Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) Polyclinic, Sultanpur Lodhi, Kapurthala, Punjab-144626, India
Current Address: Medical Officer, Ex-Servicemen Contributory Health Scheme (ECHS) Polyclinic, Kapurthala, Punjab-144601, India.
Received: 13 June 2014 / Revised: 3 July 2014 / Accepted: 4 July 2014 / Published: 11 July 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [251 KB, uploaded 11 July 2014]   |  


Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is chronic inflammatory epidemic state contributing to total and cardiovascular mortality. The current study planned to assess and screen risk factors for MetS and its components. A cross-sectional study conducted to assess age, gender, social status, employment, education, family history, physical activity, dietary habits, alcohol, sleep, body mass index and stress as determinants of MetS. The results were analyzed by Chi Square test with statistical significance of p value <0.05. The frequency of MetS was 17.38% as per modified National Cholesterol Education Program–Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Females (57.38%), age >50 years (86.90%; p < 0.05), middle socioeconomic status (70.50%), illiteracy (39.35%), and unemployment (81.97%; p < 0.05) were found contributing though to different extents. Subjects with a sedentary lifestyle (72.14%), positive family history (42.63%), omnivore diet (47.55%), stress (78.69%; p < 0.05), insomnia (29.51%) and increased BMI (83.62%; p < 0.001) had shown predisposition to MetS. However, the protective role of alcohol (38.28%), an active lifestyle (36.21%), vegetarian diet (62.07%) and adequate sleep (73.11%) was observed. A significant hypertension (98.37%; p < 0.001), dyslipidemia (77.05%; p < 0.001), dysglycemia (75.41%; p < 0.001) and obesity (59.02%; p < 0.001) was reported in MetS. Common concerns of female gender, increasing age and BMI, sedentary lifestyle, stress and positive family history should be considered for early identification and appropriate intervention to fight the growing MetS epidemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: age; dyslipidemia; dysglycemia; hypertension; metabolic syndrome; obesity age; dyslipidemia; dysglycemia; hypertension; metabolic syndrome; obesity

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kaur, J. Assessment and Screening of the Risk Factors in Metabolic Syndrome. Med. Sci. 2014, 2, 140-152.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Med. Sci. EISSN 2076-3271 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top