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Geosciences 2018, 8(7), 233; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8070233

Site Effect Assessment of the Gros-Morne Hill Area in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Part B: Mapping and Modelling Results

1
Research Unit in Geosciences, Université d’Etat d’Haïti, 6112 Port-au-Prince, Haïti
2
Bureau des Mines et de l’Energie, 2174 Port-au-Prince, Haïti
3
Department of Geology, Liège Université, 4000 Liège, Belgium
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 May 2018 / Revised: 14 June 2018 / Accepted: 14 June 2018 / Published: 23 June 2018
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Abstract

This paper presents the general results in terms of maps, as well as geological and numerical models of a site effect study, that aimed at a better understanding of the ground motion amplification on the Gros-Morne hill, in the southeastern part of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, which might have influenced the 2010 event damage pattern in that area. These maps and models are based on multiple geophysical–seismological survey outputs that are presented, in detail, in Part A of this publication. Those outputs include electrical resistivity tomography sections, P-wave velocity profiles, S-wave logs, estimates of the fundamental resonance frequency for many locations, as well as earthquake recordings at three sites and associated site amplification assessment for the top of the hill. Related results are discussed in Part A with respect to outputs and interpretations that had been published earlier by other research teams for the same site. Our results only partly confirm the strong seismic amplification effects highlighted by some of the previous studies for this hill site, which had been attributed to the influence of local topographic and soil characteristics on seismic ground motion. Here, we focus on the imaging of different site effect components over the entire survey area; we present maps of shear wave velocity variations, of changing fundamental resonance frequencies, and of related estimates of soft soil/rock thickness, of peak spectral amplitudes, and of ambient ground motion polarization. Results have also been compiled within a 3D surface–subsurface model of the hill, which helps visualize the geological characteristics of the area, which are relevant for site effect analyses. From the 3D geomodel, we extracted one 2D geological section along the short-axis of the hill, crossing it near the location of Hotel Montana on top of the hill, which had been destroyed during the earthquake, and has now been rebuilt. This cross-section was used for dynamic numerical modelling of seismic ground motion, and for related site amplification calculation. The numerical results are compared with the site amplification characteristics that had been estimated from the ambient vibration measurements and the earthquake recordings. View Full-Text
Keywords: resonance frequency; soft soil/rock thickness; polarization; Vs- and f0-distribution map; 3D geomodel; 2D dynamic numerical modelling resonance frequency; soft soil/rock thickness; polarization; Vs- and f0-distribution map; 3D geomodel; 2D dynamic numerical modelling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ulysse, S.; Boisson, D.; Prépetit, C.; Havenith, H.-B. Site Effect Assessment of the Gros-Morne Hill Area in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Part B: Mapping and Modelling Results. Geosciences 2018, 8, 233.

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