Next Article in Journal
Regional Geomorphological Conditions Related to Recent Changes of Glacial Lakes in the Issyk-Kul Basin, Northern Tien Shan
Previous Article in Journal
Lanthanides and Actinides in Humic Acids of Soils and Paleosols of Forest-Steppe Conditions in the Southern Urals
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Geosciences 2018, 8(3), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8030098

Environmental and Health: The Importance of Tremolite Occurence in the Pollino Geopark (Southern Italy)

1
Department of Sciences, University of Basilicata, 85100 Potenza, Italy
2
U.O.C. di Pneumologia, Azienda Ospedaliera San Carlo, 85100 Potenza, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 January 2018 / Revised: 8 March 2018 / Accepted: 8 March 2018 / Published: 13 March 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3950 KB, uploaded 13 March 2018]   |  

Abstract

Worldwide studies have been done about the toxicity and carcinogenicity of asbestos minerals occurring in ophiolitic rocks. Inhalation of asbestos due to environmental exposure could cause malignant mesothelioma and lung cancers. In particular, the ophiolitic rocks in Tethyan realm represents a serious enivironmental concern due to both the presence of asbestos-like minerals and the large Cr abundance that is prone to solubilisation as CrVI. At the Pollino Geopark (southern Apennines, Italy), serpentinites-rich ophiolite rocks and sediments of the Frido Unit crop-out. In these rocks, tremolite, an asbestos-like mineral, is typically intergrown with fibrous antigorite and chrysotile. Tremolite shows acicular, friable, fibrous, and elongated habitus, can be easily released into the environment as a result of both natural processes and anthropogenic activities. In the analyzed rocks, tremolite is present mainly in veins as much as in the matrix and forms crowns around clinopyroxene porphyroclasts. The different analytical techniques showed the recognition of the amphibole-like minerals (actinolite and tremolite) that are the dominant phases, with a small percentage of Fe2+. The presence of Fe in the “ideal” tremolite asbestos could cause pathological effects for the human living in the Pollino Geopark. This study has several environmental relevant implications, including, for example, the realization of national health protecting programs and the mapping of natural sites characterized by the presence of asbestos minerals in Pollino Geopark and in others area where outcrop asbestos bearing ophiolitic rocks. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos minerals; environmental implications; tremolite; serpentinite rocks; pleural mesothelioma asbestos minerals; environmental implications; tremolite; serpentinite rocks; pleural mesothelioma
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Dichicco, M.C.; Laurita, S.; Sinisi, R.; Battiloro, R.; Rizzo, G. Environmental and Health: The Importance of Tremolite Occurence in the Pollino Geopark (Southern Italy). Geosciences 2018, 8, 98.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top