Late Holocene Glacier Dynamics in the Miyar Basin, Lahaul Himalaya, India
AbstractDetailed field mapping of glacial and paraglacial landforms and optical dating from these landforms are used to reconstruct the early Holocene glaciation in the semi-arid region of Miyar basin, Lahaul Himalaya. The study identifies three stages of glaciation, of decreasing magnitude and termed, from oldest to youngest, the Miyar stage (MR-I), Khanjar stage (KH-II), and Menthosa advance (M-III). The oldest glacial stage (MR-I) has been established on the basis of detailed geomorphological evidence such as U-shaped valley morphology, trimlines, and truncated spurs. It is speculated to be older than the global Last Glacial Maximum (gLGM) based on the magnitude of ΔELA (Equilibrium-Line Altitude, 606m). No evidence of glacier expansion recorded from the basin correlates with the period of the gLGM. The second stage (KH-II) is well represented by extensive depositional features such as lateral and terminal moraines, drumlins, and lacustrine fills that have been constrained within 10 ± 1 to 6.6 ± 1.0 ka (Optically stimulated luminescence—OSL—ages), dating it to the early Holocene advance following the Younger Dryas cooling event. Exceptionally young glacial records of expansion are limited within a few hundred meters of the present termini of tributary glaciers and correlates with the 18th-century cooling event. Records of this glacial advance, termed the Menthosa advance, are clearly noticed in some tributary valleys. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Deswal, S.; Sharma, M.C.; Saini, R.; Chand, P.; Juyal, N.; Singh, I.; Srivastava, P.; Ajai; Bahuguna, I. Late Holocene Glacier Dynamics in the Miyar Basin, Lahaul Himalaya, India. Geosciences 2017, 7, 64.
Deswal S, Sharma MC, Saini R, Chand P, Juyal N, Singh I, Srivastava P, Ajai, Bahuguna I. Late Holocene Glacier Dynamics in the Miyar Basin, Lahaul Himalaya, India. Geosciences. 2017; 7(3):64.Chicago/Turabian Style
Deswal, Sanjay; Sharma, Milap C.; Saini, Rakesh; Chand, Pritam; Juyal, Navin; Singh, Ishwar; Srivastava, Pradeep; Ajai; Bahuguna, I.M. 2017. "Late Holocene Glacier Dynamics in the Miyar Basin, Lahaul Himalaya, India." Geosciences 7, no. 3: 64.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.