Next Article in Journal
Identifying the Risk Areas and Urban Growth by ArcGIS-Tools
Next Article in Special Issue
Maya Lime Mortars—Relationship between Archaeomagnetic Dating, Manufacturing Technique, and Architectural Function—The Dzibanché Case
Previous Article in Journal
Feasibility Study of Land Cover Classification Based on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index for Landslide Risk Assessment
Previous Article in Special Issue
Intrinsic Evaporative Cooling by Hygroscopic Earth Materials
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Geosciences 2016, 6(4), 46; doi:10.3390/geosciences6040046

Geoengineering in the Anthropocene through Regenerative Urbanism

Curtin University Sustainability Policy Institute, Curtin University, Perth 6102, WA, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Carlos Alves and Jesus Martinez-Frias
Received: 26 June 2016 / Revised: 10 October 2016 / Accepted: 13 October 2016 / Published: 25 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geoscience of the Built Environment 2016 Edition)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1344 KB, uploaded 25 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Human consumption patterns exceed planetary boundaries and stress on the biosphere can be expected to worsen. The recent “Paris Agreement” (COP21) represents a major international attempt to address risk associated with climate change through rapid decarbonisation. The mechanisms for implementation are yet to be determined and, while various large-scale geoengineering projects have been proposed, we argue a better solution may lie in cities. Large-scale green urbanism in cities and their bioregions would offer benefits commensurate to alternative geoengineering proposals, but this integrated approach carries less risk and has additional, multiple, social and economic benefits in addition to a reduction of urban ecological footprint. However, the key to success will require policy writers and city makers to deliver at scale and to high urban sustainability performance benchmarks. To better define urban sustainability performance, we describe three horizons of green urbanism: green design, that seeks to improve upon conventional development; sustainable development, that is the first step toward a net zero impact; and the emerging concept of regenerative urbanism, that enables biosphere repair. Examples of green urbanism exist that utilize technology and design to optimize urban metabolism and deliver net positive sustainability performance. If mainstreamed, regenerative approaches can make urban development a major urban geoengineering force, while simultaneously introducing life-affirming co-benefits to burgeoning cities. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable cities; Anthropocene; Paris Agreement; COP21; regenerative design; green urbanism; urban geoengineering sustainable cities; Anthropocene; Paris Agreement; COP21; regenerative design; green urbanism; urban geoengineering
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Thomson, G.; Newman, P. Geoengineering in the Anthropocene through Regenerative Urbanism. Geosciences 2016, 6, 46.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top